Topographical Survey

This is a survey of the features and contours of a site. A plan will consist of vegetation, driplines houses, services, spot heights, contours, legal boundaries and asbuilt data.

GPS Survey

GPS or global positioning system is a survey management tool that utilises radio signals from orbiting satellites to obtain 3D positions. GPS is ideal in open air areas and can speed up the survey process considerably.

Asbuilt Survey

An asbuilt survey is the collection of information showing the location and description of the infrastructure and structures after or during construction. Plans and digital information are prepared for submission to Council and recorded for future reference.

Pegging/Redefinition Survey

Redefining the boundary is a process where the surveyor will locate the boundary positions for a piece of land. This information is used when the site is about to be developed or sold. Pegs can also be placed along the line of any boundary or offset from any boundary line if required.


Dividing a large portion of land is known as a subdivision. The process will require a variety of surveys including a land transfer survey. The end result will be a survey plan which is submitted to Land Information New Zealand for approval. This may also involve other professionals such as engineers, landscape and building architects. Part of the process includes submitting plans and paying fees to the local Council.

223 Approval

This is the submission of the final plan for Council approval showing the lots, lot information and easements. During the 223 approval stage the survey plan can be lodged with Land Information New Zealand for approval.

224 Approval

The next step is to complete any works required as a condition of consent, pay any outstanding contributions/fees and then apply to Council for a completion certificate.

Obtaining Title

Following the completion of the conditions and obtaining a 224 certificate from Council, Clark Fortune McDonald will then send the 224 certificate to your solicitor who submits this with any other legal documents required to Land Information New Zealand for issue of new titles.

Subdivision Feasibility Study

A study of relevant information is carried out to determine the feasibility of subdivision of a property. A report will be prepared outlining relevant issues and conditions.

Land Transfer Survey

This involves the pegging of the boundaries and producing various reports, calculations and plans that make up the cadastral survey dataset. This work must be up to LINZ e-survey standards and can only be carried out by licensed cadastral surveyors.

Unit Title Survey

A unit title, under the Unit Titles Act 1972, provides individual ownership or freehold title in multiunit developments. The main unit such as an apartment or office is known as the principal unit while other associated units such as car parks are known as accessory units. There will also generally be areas of common ownership such as foyers, lifts and driveways, etc termed common property.

Boundary Relocation/Adjustment Survey

When moving the boundary between neighbouring properties a simplified subdivision process is followed to legalise the boundary adjustment.

Removal of Limitations Survey

If your title is limited as to parcels a removal of this limitation is required before boundary positions can be confirmed. This type of survey requires a high level of specialist knowledge of the cadastral system. After consideration of all relevant spatial evidence the position of the boundaries is determined and lodged for approval (and issue of new title) with Land Information New Zealand